Master Meeting 2020

 

 

 

Master forum - Abstracts

 

 

 

Group 1- The development of the EU's climate change adaptation policy from green paper to white paper to strategy

Alzaro Mazen, Maoz Liron, Taha Rehan

Climate change is a global issue that has vast effects on land, sea, air all living beings. There is a broad agreement on the importance of keeping the global average temperature increase below 2 degrees — this motivated measurement of mitigation which is reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) all over the world. At the same time, climate change threats demand actions and means to adjust to that through adaptation. Europe is not spared, actions are needed at the European level, as it is affected in different aspects; economic, social and environmental. The EU made significant efforts to tackle this issue. In 2013, The EC published the EU strategy on adaptation to climate change. This document was preceded with two papers; the green paper 2007 a paper to stimulate discussion on this topic, and followed white paper 2009, which is a proposal for actions.In our research, we will take a close look into these three documents – green paper, white paper and strategy. The document analysis research will build a unified framework to analyze the evolution of these documents. We are tracking the changes -if any- to finally make a conclusion explaining how actors, areas of actions and recommendations were manifested through terms and phrasing and define the development of the EU policy in this matter.

 

Group 2- Do the Eurosceptic parties vote together in EP9?

Amaro Fidaa, Shoter Maher, Zolty Gili

Euroscepticism is an increasing phenomenon in the European Union political sphere. According to the European parliament official website, the two mains hard Eurosceptic parties in the 9th European Parliament (IDG-Identity and democracy group and ECR- European Conservatives and Reformists Group) take 17.98% of the seats compared to 15.71% in the previous European Parliament seats. Our main focus in this research is the voting behaviour of the hard-Eurosceptic party groups in the 9th European Parliament (EP9) and whether they vote together or not regarding different policy areas. To examine the voting patterns, we employed quantitative analysis methods to analyze data from (votewatch.com) covering the period between July 1st - October 24th, 2019.

 

Group 3- European imaginaries of EU heads of state and governments in 2019.

Dar Sharon, Gourell Anat, Labn Shrooq

The discourse of the EU’s states imaginaries is a powerful concept that can be used to test the vision of the EU and state leaders about further European integration, so as to reveal states’ motives and interests. In the context of the migration crisis, the goal of this study is to define the concept of state’s imaginaries, analyze the discourse around the refugee management and seek relevant information about how the EU leaders imagine the future of European integration. Through the approach of discourse analysis, this paper examines the vision of 28 heads of states, interprets them according to theories of European integration and questions whether states can work together against challenges or not. Speeches, statements, interviews and press releases of the 28 European Member States and government are examined through qualitative analysis. The results are to demonstrate chances and prospects for European integration from state’s imaginaries. This paper applies the theory of liberal intergovernmentalism to interpret state’s imaginaries, concluding that the future possibility of European integration remains uncertain. In policy fields relating to the security of the crisis, further cooperation is based on missing common ground for integration. Hence, this research adds to the knowledge of which influences European imaginaries, tendencies and the evolution process for integration.

 

Group 4- The power of the renewable energy industry in influencing the 2030 climate & energy framework (2014 & 2018) of the EU.

Ammar Owaine, Gal Maayani

As its climate and energy targets for 2020 were nearing their expiration, the European Union negotiated its climate and energy targets for 2030 and the framework to achieve these targets. This text tracks the process of negotiating these targets within the European Union and looks at the roles of various actors in the process. It examines the shortcomings and achievements of the renewable energy sector's interest groups when it comes to influencing the 2030 climate and energy targets in their initial version passed in 2014 and the revised version of 2018. The texts utilize a scientific methodology to pinpoint where an intervention took place by interest groups and evaluate whether it was successful or not.

 

Group 5- The enforcement mechanisms of EU law in situations of member state’s non-compliance: The case of water pollution caused by nitrates (Germany 2016)

Alhayek Milad, Alkalay Yuval, Aviv Noy

The context of our research is the implementation deficit of EU law and the reasons for this deficit. Our task is to trace back the enforcement mechanisms of EU law in situations of member state’s non-compliance and to focus on the case of water pollution caused by nitrates in Germany in 2016. Thus our research question is, what are the enforcement mechanisms of the commission?

The methodology we will be using in this research is one of process tracing as well as the case study method. The data to explore in the research are court protocols, formal tools of the commission, declarations, procedures and regulations. We will then summarize the findings for a comparison between de jure and de facto.

 

 

 

Group 6- Does compulsory voting improve voter participation? National and European elections in Bulgaria before and after 2016.

Abukata Abdallah, Shaked Sharon, Younis Nur

The purpose of the research is comparing case studies in order to find out whether compulsory voting improves the voter's participation in both national and international elections. To increase the civilian participation and avoid low turnouts as in the Bulgarian elections of 2016. Thus, this paper mainly discusses until what extent the introduction of compulsory voting improved the voter participation in both National and European elections in Bulgaria, before and after 2016? The methodology that is used is both quantitative and qualitative analysis. This paper starts by giving an overview of different works of literature, then comparing data on Bulgarian elections before and after introducing the compulsory voting in 2016. Lastly, an analysis of the case study and drawing conclusions.

 

Group 7- Does the EU's legitimacy suffer from the 'management of the migration crisis'? An analysis of opinion surveys in selected member states.

Elsner Netta, Kassis Raneen and Sharaqa Ibrahim

In 2015, the migration crisis in Europe caused many unforeseen consequences, with the Eurobarometer we are trying to understand if the legitimacy of EU management was one of those. As the Eurobarometer does not specifically question the level of legitimacy, we use different aspects to reveal a trend which might indicate a change over time that was caused by the crisis. This study shows the results of public opinion in selected member states; the Eurobarometer is the primary resource in this research to find whether the EU legitimacy is suffering or not. We have used various questions that might shape the definition of legitimacy. These cover the core elements of legitimacy in which according to Andreas Wimmel and others, are input, throughout and output legitimacy.

 

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